Which Framework to Use: Angular, React, or Vue?
If your decision is only based on Angular vs. React, you'll just need to analyze the advantages and drawbacks presented in this post for those libraries. However, bear in mind that while both frameworks may be used for mobile and web apps, Angular is typically superior for more complicated enterprise-ready solutions.
React frequently requires additional modules and components, which keeps the core library short but adds extra work when adding outside tools. Angular, on the other hand, is more of a full-fledged solution that does not frequently require extensions like React, albeit it does have a steeper learning curve for its core than react.
The decision between React and Vue is frequently disputed, and it is not a simple one. Vue has a thriving and ever-expanding community and has surpassed React in terms of popularity. React developers are continually creating new components and extras, so there is no indication that React is on the decrease.
In general, Vue is better suited to smaller, less complicated projects and is easier to learn from scratch than React. Vue can be easier to incorporate into new or existing applications, and many people believe that its usage of HTML templates in conjunction with JSX gives it an edge.
In most circumstances, you wouldn't be choosing between Angular and Vue. They are radically distinct libraries, with drastically different feature sets and learning curves. Vue is the obvious choice for less experienced developers, whereas Angular is chosen for bigger projects.
A huge library, such as Angular, would need greater care in keeping up with what's new, whereas Vue would be less demanding in this sense, and the fact that Vue's two most recent major releases are in different sources helps.
It should also be mentioned that Vue was built by a developer who previously worked on Angular for Google, which is something to consider, but it won't have a big influence on your selection.
A comparison of Vue, React, and Angular.
Before we go into the technical intricacies, let's first discuss the history of these frameworks to better understand their philosophy and progress over time.
Vue, often known as Vue.js, is the group's newest member. Evan You, a former Google employee, created it in 2014. Vue has witnessed a significant increase in popularity over the last several years, even though it is not backed by a huge corporation.
React, created by Facebook, was first launched in 2013. Facebook makes considerable use of React in their products (Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp). React developers, like Vue developers, publish their newest version in the React website's blog area.
In terms of current and history, here's a quick synopsis of Angular vs. React vs. Vue:
Because "angular" and "react" are frequent terms, determining their popularity from Google Trends is tricky. However, the number of stars that their GitHub repositories receive is a decent approximation of their popularity. Vue's star count increased dramatically in mid-2016, and it has lately surpassed React as the most popular framework.
Angular vs. React vs. Vue job market
The different job boards are the main sources of data that show employment market trends.
According to late-2018 trends, the number of positions requiring an Angular or React skill set is nearly the same, although Vue was still only a fraction of this amount (around 20%).
If you want a more recent insight, try this Google Patterns search, which breaks out search trends for React jobs, Angular jobs, and Vue jobs over the last 12 months. The following data is included below:
Development and Community
Now that you're familiar with the history and recent developments of each of these frameworks, we'll look to the community to gauge their progress. We've already seen that incremental versions for all the frameworks have been released regularly over the last year, indicating that development is in full flow.
Let's compare Angular, React, and Vue in terms of GitHub data (and keep in mind that the Vue figures include the distinct Vue 3.0 repository):
When comparing Vue to React, Vue has far more viewers, stars, and forks. This demonstrates Vue's popularity among users as well as its worth in comparison to React. Vue, on the other hand, has fewer contributors than Angular and React.
One probable explanation is that Vue is driven by the open-source community, whereas Angular and React have major contributions from Google and Facebook staff.
According to the data, all three projects have considerable development activity, which will undoubtedly continue in the future — these numbers alone cannot be used to justify not using one of them.
Another measure worth considering is GitHub's "Used By" badge, which must be activated by the repository author. This displays how many other GitHub repositories are depending on that repository. Angular's GitHub repo has 1.7 million users, react has about 5.7 million, and Vue has over 167,000 for both repos together. There is a significant disparity across the three frameworks, although this is mostly due to Vue being the younger framework, which does not provide an accurate representation of general demand.
You don't want to have to worry about a framework update breaking your code when you're working with your preferred framework. Though there won't be many difficulties going from one version to the next, it's crucial to have your finger on the pulse since certain changes can be more substantial and require modifications to make things compatible.
Angular intends to provide significant improvements every six months. There are also another six months before any significant APIs are deprecated, giving you two release cycles (one year) to make any required modifications.
When it comes to Angular versus React, Facebook has claimed that reliability is of the biggest importance to them, as React is used by large firms such as Twitter and Airbnb. Upgrades via versions are often the simplest with React, with tools like react-code mod assisting you in the process.
Vue notes in the Migration part of the Vue 3 documentation that much is the same between Vue 2 and Vue 3 and that 90% of the API is the same if you are migrating from 1. x to 2. To analyse the state of your project, there is a Vue 2 to Vue 1 migration assistance tool that runs on the console.
Using Vue vs. Angular vs. React
There are a few key factors to consider here, the most essential of which are the overall size and load times, the components offered, and the learning curve.
Size and loading times
Because caching and minification is now quite typical, the sizes of the libraries won't be as important. Although the sizes of the frameworks might vary significantly (for example, Angular is the biggest), they are still tiny in comparison to the typical homepage size (about 2MB according to the most recent data). Furthermore, if you utilize a popular CDN to load these libraries, it is quite likely that a user already has the library installed on their local machine.
Components are essential to all three frameworks, whether we're talking about Vue, React, or Angular. In general, a component receives input and modifies its behavior response. This change in behaviour is usually manifested as a change in the UI of some portion of the page. The usage of components facilitates the reuse of code. A cart on an e-commerce site or a login box on a social network are examples of components.
React is an innovative framework that blends component UI and action. For example, below is the code for a React hello world component. The identical section of code in React is responsible for constructing a UI element and determining its behaviour.
When comparing Vue and React, Vue includes UI and behaviour as components, making things more intuitive. Also, because Vue is very customisable, you may mix the UI and functionality of components from within a script. Furthermore, Vue allows you to utilize pre-processors instead of CSS, which is a fantastic feature. Vue is excellent for integrating with other libraries like as Bootstrap.
The Learning Curve
So, how tough is each of these frameworks to learn?
Because Angular is a comprehensive solution, it has a steep learning curve, and understanding it necessitates knowing related topics like TypeScript and MVC. Even though learning Angular takes time, the investment pays off in terms of knowing how the front end operates.
React provides a Getting Started tutorial that should assist in getting React up and running in roughly an hour. The documentation is detailed and complete, with answers to common difficulties already existing on Stack Overflow. React is not a full framework, and advanced capabilities need the usage of third-party libraries. This makes the fundamental framework's learning curve less steep, but it is dependent on the path you follow with added capabilities. However, learning to utilize React does not always imply that you are following best practices.
Vue is more customizable and hence easier to understand than Angular or React. Furthermore, Vue shares functionality with Angular and React, such as the use of components. As a result, switching from one to the other is a simple process. However, Vue's simplicity and versatility are a double-edged sword in that they allow for sloppy code, making it difficult to debug and test.
Although Angular, React, and Vue have steep learning curves, their applications are unlimited once mastered. You may, for example, combine Angular and React with WordPress and WooCommerce to develop progressive online apps.
Libraries that are ready-to-use
Taking use of the various component libraries and frameworks available is one of the most beneficial and powerful aspects of using any of these three library selections. Naturally, there are more React component libraries than Vue libraries based on history and popularity. And, because Angular is a much more comprehensive set of capabilities, you might not require an Angular library as frequently as you would for React or Vue.
With that in mind, consider the following choices. This is only a little sample to show you what these three libraries are capable of.
Material Kit 2 React is a free React-based MUI design solution that comes with 40 customizable front-end components and prebuilt design blocks. If you're selecting between Vue and React, this is a great option because the two libraries will have similar functionality and toolkits.
Vuetify is a comprehensive Material Design framework built on top of Vue, with hundreds of meticulously made and easily accessible components. It is currently being developed and has several customization possibilities using Sass/SCSS.
If you're debating between Angular and React and have decided on Angular, you should certainly investigate Paper Kit 2 PRO Angular. It is Bootstrap-based and Angular 13-based, with a wide number of completely responsive components, sections, and sample pages.
Who will triumph between Angular, React, and Vue?
Let us return to the characteristics of each framework at the end of this essay to try to answer the question: Which Angular, React, or Vue should you use?
Angular is the most mature framework, has a large community of developers, and is a full bundle. However, the learning curve is severe, and Angular development ideas may deter novice developers. Angular is an excellent solution for firms with large teams and engineers who are already familiar with TypeScript.
The solution to the Angular vs. React vs. Vue argument is that there is no ultimate best choice, which you probably expected.
Each of these libraries has advantages and disadvantages. One of them will be more appropriate than the others depending on the project you're working on and your specific needs. It's always important to do your own research before deciding, especially if you're working on a business venture rather than a personal project.